The world s population has grown almost 40fold in the last two millennia, and more than quadrupled in the last century alone. Economic census international programs metro and micro areas population estimates population projections small area income and poverty statistics of u. The hazardous climatic conditions, the migratory character of early nomadic groups and the poor nourishment were all unfavourable for the growth of. Census bureau based on analysis of available data on population, fertility, mortality, and migration. Learn how the world bank group is helping countries with covid19 coronavirus. Population growth has been ever upward in world history, and certainly in recent decades. Apr 25, 2017 worldwide population throughout human history. Demographic change will create incentives for a new network of alliances and foreign policy priorities for many of the worlds most in. The world population has grown tremendously over the past 2,000 years. He then earned his masters degree and doctorate in sociology at washington state college and the university of washington, respectively. This book is available in english as a short history of migration london. Lessons from 50 years of extraordinary demographic history david lam published online. The facts laid out in empty planet are amazingly simple.
In 1950, six of the 10 most populous nations were in the developed world. And his predictions of the growth of world population are spoton. Demography and population chapter 7 the cambridge world. Estimates of historical world population wikipedia. Readings 2020 population is now estimated at 342,117. We read every letter, fax, or email we receive, and we will convey your comments to cia officials outside opa as appropriate. Many parts of our once sparsely populated planet are now busting at the seams with people. By contrast, brazil, consistently one of the world s most populous countries, will see its ageing population increase while overall numbers decline. The 1918 h1n1 flu virus caused the deadliest pandemic of the 20th century.
Some estimates extend their timeline into deep prehistory, to 10,000 bc, i. Volume ii interpretations, that estimated the 1929 world population to be roughly 1. Population control horrid history books and arts the. How has mass murder, genocide and war affected the worlds. The current us census bureau world population estimate in june 2019 shows that. This application presents data for 228 countries and areas of the world with a 2019 population of 5,000 or more. By 1650, the worlds population rose to about 500 million, not a large increase over the 1 c. Central intelligence agency, the world fact book country reference maps. In conjunction with other old world diseases like the flu and measles, smallpox went on to kill almost 90 percent of the native american population, far outpacing the damage done by late medieval warfare. Businesses survey of business owners survey of income and program participation sipp all surveys and programs. Experts warn a global pandemic will halt humanity as we know it in the next 20 to 30 years. Population growth through history from 5000 bc to the current year 2020 for the entire population of the world. Population, total world bank data world bank group. Historical demographers estimate that around the year 1800 the.
Growth of world population during various epochs of earth history can be calculated by a wellknown formula. The annual time series of estimates begins with the most recent decennial. It is held that in the initial phase of human history and pre history, the human population grew at a snails pace. The analysis was performed separately for the countries or areas of the world with a population of 5,000 or more.
Based on the recent population estimates and gis technology, eight billion. The population figures for the countries which have not been affected by the shifting boundaries as a result of the war are repeated as given in the previous issue of the year book. There are numerous world population estimates out there. A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. Denevan writes that, the discovery of america was followed by possibly the greatest demographic disaster in the history of the world. So i recommend it to anyone who has a passing interest in the the growth curve of world population and that of bacteria on a petri dish. Jan 12, 2008 the book doesnt get as detailed for each regioncountry of the world, but it does provide world population estimates for the years between 14 a. His professional interest was in international demography, and particularly in the world population explosion. The penguin atlas of modern history 1972, the penguin atlas. The crucial event was the invention of the printing press by gutenberg around 1440.
Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Feb 17, 2020 readings 2020 population is now estimated at 342,117. Population ages 1564 % of total population world bank staff estimates based on agesex distributions of united nations population divisions world population prospects. The road to controlling population growth in the 20th century was paved with good intentions and unpleasant policies that did not work, a new book argues. This has led to an environmental cottage industry to warn of the catastrophic consequences of this upward trend. Census bureau, international data base demographic data and usa trade online trade data.
The census figures for the ancient world are estimates at best. A healthy counterpoise is the current surge of interest in demographic history, where questions remote from current practical concerns invite study and exact data are scarce. The most complete set of estimates is provided by atlas of world population history 1978 and more recently by john carl nelson in historical atlas of the eight billion. It is held that in the initial phase of human history and prehistory, the human population grew at a snails pace. If you are student of history the cultural piece gets far more interesting. Worldwide population throughout human history worldatlas. In summary, estimates for the progression of world population since the late medieval period. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses. Historical estimates of world population 2020 census. A population history of north america, edited by m. The population of the region that served as the locus for most 20thcentury historyeurope and russiawill shrink dramatically.
It presents the most current and accurate global development data available, and includes national, regional and global estimates. An essay on the principle of population by thomas robert malthus, a concise history of world population by massimo livi bacc. The last is a textbook in demography, first published in 1986 and now with coauthors in its fourth edition. World development indicators wdi is the primary world bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized international sources. The current us census bureau world population estimate in june 2019 shows that the current global population is 7,577,400 people on earth, which far exceeds the world population of 7. This huge number brings up the question of the earths carrying capacity. League of nations and international statistical institute estimates of the world population in 1929.
The operation was one of the largest amphibious military assaults in history and has been called the beginning of the end of war in europe. An evaluation, psc analytical and technical report series 10, university of pennsylvania, on line. While such estimates are rough at best, they do illustrate the. A myopic view of history and underdevelopment of theory have been two shortcomings of demography, related to the pragmatism of the discipline and to demographers predilection for precise measures. Unesco eolss sample chapters world system history world population history carl haub encyclopedia of life support systems eolss burial records of the upper classes. A healthy counterpoise is the current surge of interest in demographic history, where questions remote from current practical concerns invite study and. It took over 200,000 years of human history for the world s population to reach 1 billion, and only 200 years more to reach 7 billion. Each year, the census bureaus population estimates program uses current data on births, deaths, and migration to calculate population change since the most recent decennial census and produces a time series of estimates of population, demographic components of change, and housing units.
The authors relentlessly examine the numbers and come up with some quite startling estimates of what the world will look like in 2100 if we consider the data that some of the world s best nonun demographers have crunched. It allows governments and other institutions to plan wisely and helps individuals comprehend the likely futures for their countries and the world. Population growth has mostly happened in the modern period, she says, when records were kept, so if estimates for the early period are slightly out, this will not drastically change the overall. The carrying capacity is the ability of earth to meet the demand of natural resources by a particular species.
By february 2020, the official world population had jumped over the sevenbillion mark to an estimated 7. I first read this book 50 years ago cost 36d and it is still as fresh as ever. In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7. But we will also study the history of manuscripts that preceded printed books. In this entry we study the history of books over the last centuries. Gregory kings 1696 estimates of national wealth and population contributions to the study of world history by john a. World population simple english wikipedia, the free. We show how the world population grew over the last several thousand years and we explain what has been driving this change. That interest eventually took him and his family to a series of overseas residences. Smith a look at the world based on the idea that the world is a village of 100 people. In 1931, walter willcox published a table in his book, international migrations. Project muse the native population of the americas in 1492. One of the most famous examples of population doomsday scenarios was the 1968 book the population bomb by paul ehrlich and anne ehrlich. A brief history of population new internationalist.
World book encyclopia 2018 contains timely new articles and revised articles of continuing relevance. Smallpox was also a vicious deforming agent, leaving those infected with noticeable sores across their bodies. Apr 25, 2018 the world population estimates and projections used to produce these figures were developed by the u. In this formula pn is the population after n generations beginning with one man and one woman. The office of public affairs opa is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the central intelligence agency cia. World population growth this article is focusing on the history of population growth up to the present. Weeks introduction human beings have been around for a long time, perhaps a million or more years, 1 but for most of that time the imprint of humans on the planet was scarcely noticeable. Explore the history of world population growth as never before with john carl. Countries in the world by population 2020 this list includes both countries and dependent territories.
One estimate of the population of the roman empire, spanning spain to asia minor, in 14 c. Angus maddison groningen growth and development centre. During world war ii 19391945, the battle of normandy. From a historical perspective, literacy levels for the world population have risen drastically in the last couple of centuries. Other historians, however, set the figure twice as high, suggesting how imprecise population estimates of early historical periods can be. Life tables for 18th century europe suggest a life span of 35 to 40 years. Imagine places like mexico had the spanish not brought disease and destruction with them. Jewish population of the woeld inteodttctoby note the statistics of jewish population given below are based largely upon estimates made before the world war.
The book was originally published in 2002, but has been updated to reflect the. Several recent research papers and books have made it possible to follow the rise of book production. Estimates for yet deeper prehistory, into the paleolithic, are of a different nature. The book doesnt get as detailed for each regioncountry of the world, but it does. Click on the name of the country or dependency for current estimates live population clock, historical data, and projected figures. The print series nonfiction series is a set that provides readers with general reference, resource for students to master research skills. New york, 26 october population division, desa according to the 1998 revised estimates and projections of the united nations, the world population currently stands. This database presents population and other demographic estimates and projections from 1960 to 2050, covering more than 200 economies. The accuracy of past projections beyond six billion. Research by some scholars provides population estimates of the precontact americas to be as high as 112 million in 1492, while others estimate the population to have been as low as eight million. According to the highest estimate, the world population may rise to 16 billion by 2100. Contours of the world economy 12030 ad growth and interaction in the world economy chinese economic performance in the long run monitoring the world economy, 18201992.
While only 12% of the people in the world could read and write in 1820, today the share has reversed. Population growth through history from 5000 bc to the current year 2020 for the. European countries including the uk, germany and italy were among the world s most populous nations in the 1950s. By 2060, this country will have the worlds largest population. Statistics on world population, gdp and per capita gdp, 12008 advertical file, angus maddison, university of groningen books. In 1999, the world population passed the sixbillion mark. By 40 world population had risen again to more than 440 million, but so devastating was the black death that by 1400 human numbers had dropped by nearly a quarter.
This article lists current estimates of the world population in history. Reading has grown by,254 since 2015, which represents a 0. The report of this survey, written at the office of population research, princeton university, was the first of his three books. Data based on the latest united nations population division estimates. Historical world population data johnstons archive.96 79 856 1282 309 93 815 283 974 509 1121 438 989 889 178 1116 32 1394 1253 757 533 838 1459 1335 23 1250 1455 1300 414 545